Tips to Strengthen Parent Teacher Communication

One of my favorite movies is Finding Nemo. I am a big fan of Bruce the shark. He invites both Dori and Marlin (two little fish) to a meeting with his other shark friends, Anchor and Chum. The three sharks are meeting to encourage one another to stop eating fish. I especially love the part when they recite their membership pledge, "If I am to change this image, I must first change myself. Fish are friends, not food."

The relationship between the three sharks and two fish begins as predator and prey but ends in a lasting caring friendship. Sometimes relationships between parents and teachers can be like this. We can view each other as either the shark or the small fish. If we are to change this image, we need to change our own viewpoint, and realize we are all in the same big ocean. We must remember that parents are our friends, not foes.

A strong and positive relationship between parents and teachers serves the best interest of the student. Communication throughout the year is essential to support student success and well being. It allows parents and teachers to work together to support student learning and success. Parents give teachers insights to student strengths and weaknesses which can be used as a starting place when the teacher observes and forms relationships with the student. Children whose parents actively participate in their education tend to do better in school and students tend to have a better attitude toward school.

Here are a few tips to help create effective and positive communication between the parent and teacher.

Tips for Effective Parent/Teacher Communication

Stay Positive 
Want parents to actually read what you send home? Be encouraging and positive.

It is so easy to send home notes to parents explaining the various inappropriate behaviors of Johnny, but how often do we send a note home saying what a great day Johnny had? What a difference it will make in Johnny when he hears you called or sent a note home saying he helped his friends or did a great job on his spelling test. You never know what a*little positive praise will do.

Avoid the "Junk Mail" Syndrome 
I hate junk mail and don't even take the time to preview. I immediately file these unwanted papers in file 13 (i.e. the trash). Parents will do the same. The idea is to catch their eye!

Use attention grabbers, upbeat graphics, bold headings, boxes, and other forms of "decorations". This will ensure parents will notice your communication. You could also include a personal note, highlight items of importance (such as dates), add illustrations or have students decorate a trim.

Note: this is a great transition project for students: decorating stationary for teachers.

Use Familiar Language 
Teachers should also be careful to write informally. While many parents have degrees, not all are in education and will be unfamiliar with educational jargon. You can't effectively communicate if parents need a dictionary to look up specific terms (ex. Johnny is experiencing difficulty with his phonemic awareness). Huh?

All written communication should use simple, familiar language, and short sentences. Be direct. Always communicate with respect and appreciation for parents and families. Be sensitive to cultural differences. Have letters or memos translated to families' first language. Be persistent and use different methods of communication.

Personalize Your Communication 
Greet parents personally as they drop off or pick up students: This is informal and increases the comfort level between parents and teachers. This is not the time to discuss problems, but can be a time to set up an appointment. Try to contact parents by phone or email at least once during the grading period. A positive phone call or email inviting parents to a special event will increase parent's comfort level.

Start a biweekly or monthly newsletter. You can personalize by having students decorate the border, feature a "star student", recent class activities, pictures, highlights, student achievement, and/or include tips to help in various subjects. Send home weekly folders with student including class work, homework assignments, quizzes/tests, and announcements.

I keep my smart phone handy at all times so I can capture special activities during the day. Then I will email the pictures to the parents with a little story explaining the photo. (Important to note: I have parents sign permission slip allowing photos to be taken at beginning of year.) Send out daily emails informing parents of daily activities, homework assignments, announcements, etc. Set up a class web page or Facebook page.

Tips for Dealing With Tough Parents

Every teacher has encountered a parent who has a tendency to lay it on pretty thick. Some are concerned about grades, others want to know the exact reasons for your teaching method. Below are a few categories that parents can fall under along with some tips to help deal with these tough parents.

The Overzealous Parent 
This is the parent who has TONS of questions. Make sure to take control and address the concerns by setting limits. Arrange a time for the parents to meet and discuss concerns privately.

The Bossy Parent 
This is the parent who wants to tell YOU how to teach. Listen first- count to 10!

Make sure to stay professional, do not become defensive. Explain how you teach, supporting your choice of techniques, make copies of materials that address the concern, consider inviting parent to observe the class and see the teaching "in action". If this does not help, ask administrator to get involved.

The Chatty Parent 
This is the parent who wants to talk DAILY. Give several times when you can meet and be subtle but insistent. If possible, arrange for some volunteer time for these parents.

You get a little extra help and they get to be involved in their child's learning for an hour or two. Most of the time, this is a parent who just really wants to be involved in his/her child's education. Sending home family activities/projects that go with a lesson is also a good way to keep parents involved in student learning.

The Concerned Parent 
The Parent who thinks you assign TOO MUCH homework: Arrange for a meeting. Explain that you assign only enough homework to show what students are doing and to reinforce the day's lesson. Ask about the routine at home and where homework is done. Offer suggestions if parent is open.

The Angry Parent 
This is the parent who is UPSET about the child's grades. When you meet, have gradebook available. Discuss what you observe in class, test scores, homework assignments, and missed assignments.

You may want to share tips to studying or organizing. Remind the parent that you do care about each student's success.

Tips to Bridge the Communication Gap 
* Parents will be more supportive if you contact them as soon as a problem begins. 
* Keep parents updated on child's progress. 
* You can say NO to parents politely, gently, but firmly. You can say no and survive! 
* Always keep notes/records of your communication in student's file - this is so important! 
* Be organized and ready to talk to parent. Have notes with areas of concerns with samples of student work. 
* Always begin with what the child does well. Only say what you know. 
* Don't feel you have to report on every aspect of the curriculum. It is okay to say you don't know but offer to get that information and report back. 
* Share a story or brief anecdote. 
* Parents appreciate when you show you know the child outside of academics.

Hopefully these simple tips will help bridge the gaps between parents and teachers. Remember, we want parents to be our friends, not foes as we continue swimming in the big ocean together.

Established by teachers, for teachers, TeachHUB.com offers educators recommended classroom tools, professional development, daily lesson plans, and education news. The website is dedicated to improving the quality of education and invests in the opinions of teachers when providing resources and support for both inside and outside the classroom.

Upgrading Teachware

My school is currently transitioning into a more technologically savvy community. We're not only updating our software, but also our mission statement. We've recognize that students in our classes move at different paces, but we haven't been able to keep up or slow down for enough of them simultaneously - technology is a way to help do that and that's what we aim to do next year.

Here are a few examples of what we plan to incorporate in our classrooms.

Independent Online Lessons 
I have a population of students who I see much less than everyday - this is due to a range of causes spanning homelessness, asthma, and plain old fashioned cutting. Getting these students back on track is a frustrating task for both them and me. One proposal we're working on would allow students to access mini lessons and download independent practice exercises online. If they come into class having missed 3 days, they'll have the option of sitting down at a computer and catching up on at least the mini lessons, to reorient themselves. They can even check them out at home before or after (although I recognize that will be much less likely for the first and third category of student I mentioned earlier).

Open Curriculum 
Another way we're considering reshaping curriculum is to layout an entire semester's work online, and help students choose and set goals on which topics and at what pace they work. Teachers become managers and coaches in this model, as well as facilitators of whole class discussions around common texts at least once a week. The model does not in any way call for the reign of computers and demise of teachers, but rather asks teachers to change the way they use their expertise. I find that when I give my mini lessons to a whole group, as I later circulate the room to check for understanding, I end up re-explaining many elements anyway. Why not spend less time "on stage" and more time with individual conferencing which I've always found to be the most effective tool for helping students quickly clear learning hurdles. Our goal is to start small and ease our way into it this change.

We recognize that our students on average are much savvier with technology than many of the adults in the building, but we're hoping to show those members of our staff how an initiative like this could make their job both easier and more effective.

With the rate of change in technology, we need to quit resisting and start recognizing that there are better ways. I've already started allowing students to look up vocabulary words on their phones instead of in the dictionary. When some older teachers in my building want to hang me for this, I reference how we no longer teach students how to use the card catalog. The new teacher working across the hall from me hasn't even heard of a card catalog...

Phil is a real teacher blogger for TeachHUB.com. Established by teachers, for teachers, TeachHUB.com offers educators recommended classroom tools, professional development, daily lesson plans, and education news. The website is dedicated to improving the quality of education and invests in the opinions of teachers when providing resources and support for both inside and outside the classroom.

Bringing History to Life in the Classroom

%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AThe+other+night+I+was+attending+the+%22meet+and+greet%22+with+my+daughter%27s+teachers+at+her+high+school.+We+were+given+our+child%27s+schedule%2C+and+we+were+asked+to+follow+their+daily+routine.+An+announcement+would+signal+the+transition+from+one+period+to+the+next.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AI+had+the+opportunity+to+sit+down+and+talk+with+my+daughter%27s+history+teacher%2C+%22Ms.+Jones%22.+Ms.+Jones+was+full+of+excitement+as+she+showed+me+the+class+syllabus+and+shared+the+upcoming+activities+and+projects+her+class+would+be+completing+this+year.+Ms.+Jones+informed+me+about+some+ideas+she+had+to+engage+her+students+in+relating+the+past+with+current+events.+This+included+using+music+%28an+all+time+favorite%29%2C+literature%2C+current+films%2C+field+trips%2C+etc.+I+for+one+wanted+to+join+the+class+and+absorb+all+that+Ms.+Jones+had+to+offer.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AWhy%3F+I+love+history%21+The+good%2C+the+bad%2C+and+the+ugly+parts+of+history.+It+is+like+reading+one+big+bedtime+story+with+many+unsavory+antagonists+and+a+hopeful%2C+life-changing+protagonist.+What%27s+not+to+like%3F%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0ASadly%2C+my+daughter+does+not+like+history.+She+claims+it+is+boring%21+She+joins+the+ranks+of+hundreds+of+students+who+do+not+like+learning+about+history.+Perhaps+it+is+the+methods+in+which+it+is+taught+or+perhaps+it+is+the+content+of+the+material+that+makes+it+%22boring.%22+Regardless+of+the+reason%2C+history+should+be+one+of+those+subjects+that+opens+the+door+for+class+discussions%2C+debates%2C+dramas%2C+projects%2C+and+my+personal+favorite%2C+creative+writing.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AWhat+can+we+do+to+help+students+overcome+the+boredom+of+history%2C+bring+history+to+life%21%21+Here+are+some+things+I+have+done+in+my+classroom+to+overcome+the+doldrums+of+history....%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AGettysburg+Address%26nbsp%3B%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AI+remember+having+to+teach+the+Gettysburg+Address+to+my+fifth+grade+class+one+year.+I+was+met+with+heavy+sighs%2C+moans%2C+groans%2C+and+disgruntled+students.+Before+we+dove+into+%22Four+Score+and+Seven+Years+Ago%2C%22+we+did+a+little+research+on+Abraham+Lincoln.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AI+had+my+students+make+top+hats+and+fake+beards.+We+took+turns+standing+on+a+small+step+stool+%28to+imitate+standing+on+the+back+of+a+train%29+and+slowly+but+surely+began+piecing+together+one+of+the+most+famous+presidential+speeches+of+all+time.+The+students+loved+imitating+Lincoln+and+as+we+learned+the+speech+the+students+began+to+ask+questions+as+to+why+the+words+were+written+in+this+manner%2C+what+did+they+mean%2C+and+who+was+he+addressing.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AOne+small+course+requirement+turned+into+a+lesson+with+much+greater+content.+All+it+took+was+reviving+Lincoln%21%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AWhen+in+Rome%26nbsp%3B%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AOur+history+curriculum+at+one+time+was+based+on+ancient+history.+To+bring+the+culture+of+Greek+and+Roman+to+a+greater+level+of+understanding%2C+I+instituted+Greek+and+Roman+day.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AAt+the+end+of+our+unit%2C+I+made+each+student+a+scroll+indicating+whether+they+would+be+Greek+or+Roman+for+the+day.+I+had+parents+donate+old+sheets+and+pillow+cases+to+make+tunics+and+togas%2C+we+made+traditional+head+wear%2C+jewelry+from+clay%2C+pipe+cleaners%2C+and+other+craft+items%2C+and+we+even+had+a+Greek%2FRoman+feast.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AThe+students+were+engaged+in+activities+from+writing%2C+acting+out+Greek+tragedies%2C+Olympic+Games%2C+and+of+course+my+favorite+the+reenactment+of+Julius+Caesar%27s+death.+Through+all+of+these+activities%2C+the+students+gained+such+an+insight+into+a+culture+that+has+over+the+years+evolved+but+has+not+been+forgotten.+The+pictures+made+a+great+collage+for+the+hall+and+later%2C+for+my+scrapbook.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AStudent+Timeline%26nbsp%3B%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AWhen+studying+a+specific+time+period%2C+where+so+much+is+happening%2C+having+students+create+a+student+timeline+is+one+way+to+ensure+students+are+understanding+the+sequence+of+events+and+the+effects+they+had+on+future+events.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AFor+example%2C+in+studying+the+1920-1940+time+periods%2C+there+was+a+great+deal+to+learn.+The+manufacturing+of+automobiles%2C+gangsters%2C+prohibition%2C+jazz+music%2C+Suffrage+movement%2C+factories%2C+Great+Depression%2C+and+the+New+Deal+were+just+a+few+things+that+evolved+in+this+time+period.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0ATo+simplify+the+events%2C+I+divided+the+events+into+categories.+I+had+the+students+research+a+chosen+category+%28great+for+written+report%29%2C+and+then+I+set+aside+a+day+where+the+student+would+present+a+brief+report+on+the+selected+topic.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AStudents+were+able+to+dress+up%2C+act+out%2C+create+props%2C+posters%2C+or+provide+pictures+to+go+with+their+presentation.+While+the+student+was+giving+his%2Fher+presentation%2C+I+took+a+picture+for+our+class+time+line.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AAfter+all+students+have+presented%2C+I+had+students+help+me+post+pictures+correctly+on+the+time+line.+%28You+can+also+post+their+report+under+their+photo+for+additional+information.%29+This+was+a+great+way+to+involve+students+in+learning+sequence+of+events+and+learn+a+little+history+along+the+way.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AThe+Great+Debate%26nbsp%3B%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AThere+are+many+events+throughout+history+that+are+considered+%22Great+moments+in+history%22.+This+is+my+favorite+activity+to+do+with+students.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AWhen+learning+a+specific+time+period+or+event+in+history%2C+I+like+to+challenge+my+students+to+find+other+events+similar+to+what+we+are+learning.+Once+we+have+found+such+an+event%2C+having+the+students+%22debate%22+which+event+was%2Fis+greater+is+so+much+fun.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AUsing+historical+facts%2C+cause+and+effect%2C+dates%2C+details%2C+and+reenactments+if+needed%2C+students+present+their+case.+Not+only+does+this+encourage+research+skills%2C+but+it+is+also+a+method+to+improve+oral+presentation+skills%2C+compare+and+contrast+skills+%28a+little+grammar+lesson%29%2C+and+opens+the+door+for+great+insight+and+class+discussion.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0APosing+questions+such+as+%22Which+had+a+greater+impact+on+the+U.S.+WWI+or+WWII%3F%22+before+introducing+the+wars%2C+is+a+great+way+to+entice+student+thinking.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AWhere+in+the+World+is+Mrs.+Conway%3F%26nbsp%3B%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0AGeography+is+a+difficult+subject+for+many+students.+When+given+a+map+of+the+United+States+and+having+to+learn+all+50+states+and+capitals%2C+many+students+feel+overwhelmed.%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%2Fdiv%3E%0D%0A%3Cdiv+style%3D%22text-align%3A+justify%3B%22%3E%0D%0ATo+help+students+have+fun+learning+a+specific+area%2C+I+would+give+a+trivia+question+%28for+extra+credit+or+points+towards+a+class+reward%29+describing+a+place+where+I+would+be+traveling.+Borrowed+from+the+video+game+and+Saturday+cartoon+Where+in+the+World+is+Carmen+Sandiago%2C+I+posted+a+large+map+of+the+world+on+a+bulletin+board+with+the+caption%2C+%22Where+in+the+World+is+Mrs.+Conway%3F%22.+I+then+placed+a+small+picture+of+a+plane+with+my+name+on+the+board.+At+the+end+of+the+day%2C+I+would+post+a+question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Educational Benefits of Teaching English Learners Cognates

Cognates are a powerful tool for learning a second language. Students of English learn to use the knowledge of cognates to build an extensive base of English vocabulary.

What are cognates?

Vocabulary/vocabulario, animal/animal, actor/actor, color/color are just a few of the thousand of English and Spanish cognates.

Cognates are an important part of learning English. Cognates are words in two languages that have the same or similar meaning, spelling, and pronunciation. Spanish and English cognates include: doctor/doctor, family/familia, construction, construccion, and electricity/electricidad. Some languages like Spanish have thousands of cognates with English and other languages like Chinese and Arabic have very few.

Cognates, words in two languages that have the same or similar meanings and spelling increases English language learners vocabularies.

Why teach cognates?

These similarities in meaning and often in spelling give second language learners the ability to figure out new words and learn vocabulary in English more quickly. These cognates give students an instant foundation of vocabulary. When students can identify cognates from their first language it increases student English knowledge of vocabulary by thousands of words they already know.

English learners need to simply learn the spelling and pronunciation rules that go with the cognate and they have a strong foundation of English vocabulary.

What does the research say?

According to Nagy and Nagy, et al (1988; 1993) many Spanish second language learners need help recognizing and using cognates. Direct instruction by the teacher helps students use cognates to understand new or unknown words in English.

What are false cognates?

False cognates are words that are spelled or pronounced similarly in two languages, but do not have the same meaning. Idioma/Idiom in Spanish and English are examples of false cognates. Idioma in Spanish means language, while idiom in English means a phrase that does not mean what the words say (raining cats and dogs). Another important reason to teach English language learners about cognates is to alert them to the false cognates.

What can parents do?

Talk with your children. When you see a cognate, a word in two languages that have the same or similar meaning, spelling, and pronunciation, point it out to your child and talk about the meaning in your first language. Remember, Spanish and English cognates include: doctor/doctor, family/familia, construction, construccion, and electricity/electricidad. Cognates are everywhere!

Here is a list of everyday cognates you can use to help teach your child the recognize and use cognates to build English Vocabulary!

Happy Teaching!

Lori

English Spanish

animal animal

color color

doctor doctor

family familia

Lori Wolfe is an ESL - ELD teacher in Ashland, Oregon. Lori is also an author, ESL workshop presenter, and blogger. Her company, Fun To Teach produces innovative curriculum for ELD, ESL, grammar, Math, Reading, and more. Go to http://goo.gl/OXVOG or stop by the Fun To Teach Blog for ESL ELD teachers: http://esleld.blogspot.com.